John CONSTABLEDavid LUCAS, Yarmouth, Norfolk Enlarge 1 /1


Great Britain 1776 – 1837



Great Britain 1802 – 1881


Yarmouth, Norfolk [Yarmouth Pier, Norfolk. Morning Breeze; Yarmouth Pier, Norfolk. Morning] c.1830-32
Collection Title: Various subjects of Landscape, characteristic of English Scenery, from Pictures Painted by John Constable R.A. Engraved by David Lucas
Title Notes: Order is according to the arrangement of this particular series of prints, and is not according to the sequence published by the British Museum
Page: Plate 10
Place made: London, Greater London, England
Creation Notes: A set of mezzotints, issued between 1830 and 1832
Materials & Technique: prints, albums, Intaglio mezzotint

Dimensions: (page) 29.0 h x 42.0 w cm (plate) 19.2 h x 25.4 w cm (comp) 14.0 h x 22.0 w cm
Acknowledgement: The Poynton Bequest 2004
Accession No: NGA 2004.338.10

In his three oil paintings of Yarmouth Jetty 1822, 1823 (two of which are in private collections and a third version is in the Tate, London), Constable depicted the beach and the long wooden pier of Yarmouth, with a choppy sea under a cloudy, showery sky. He showed boats out to sea, with sails spread, and a horse and cart beside the beached boat in the foreground. None of the paintings include the two women who appear in the print standing on the beach. The sky Constable used in the Yarmouth paintings was similar to that of Harwich Lighthouse c.1820  ,  of which he also painted several versions.

Constable received his first proof of this mezzotint in September 1830  or 1831 (Shirley, p. 177, Beckett IV, p. 353). It was not published, however, until the final part of English Landscape in 1832. During the proofing  the pier and the boats were worked on, the anchor in the foreground,  the women on the beach and four birds were added, the sky was softened and highlights added to the sea. As a result the contrast of light and dark was emphasised.

Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra