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United States of America 1915 – 1991

El Negro 1981-83 Description: an unbound portfolio of nineteen lithographs by Robert Motherwell illuminating the poem "El Negro Motherwell" by Rafael Alberti
Creation Notes: Robert Motherwell began collaborating with Kenneth Tyler on 'El Negro' in 1981. The book was editioned in 1983.
Materials & Technique: prints, portfolios, planographic, chine applique seveteen lithographs printed from multiple aluminium plates (three of which have chine applique) illuminating a lithographicaly printed poem Support: white, wove, handmade, TGL paper; buff, wove, handmade, Kitakata paper (on two lithographs); red, laid, handmade, Moriko paper (on one lithograph); natural, buckram cloth covered, wooden portfolio box with detachable lid
Manufacturer's Mark: watermark: verso lower left corner, TGL hexagon [each page]
Impression: parent
Edition: edition 51; 10AP; TP; 3SP; PPI; PPII; A; C; 3HC
Publisher: Tyler Graphics Ltd, Bedford Village, New York
Place Published: New York
Date Published: 1983

Edition Notes: Robert Motherwell prepared the nineteen lithographic images in 'El Negro' on Mylar and acetate sheets using Paintstiks, grease pencils and alcohol tusche which he applied with brushes and a bamboo pen. The images were transferred to aluminium plates by Lee Funderburg. The plates were printed by Funderburg and Roger Campbell on a flat bed offset press. Papermaking by Steve Reeves and Tom Strianese. The 'El Negro' poem was written by Rafael Alberti (with translation by Vincente Lleo Canal) and offset printed, Spanish in black and English in grey. The introductory preface was written by Jack Flam. Sequence of prints: front end leaf, title page, Negro, preface, Mourning, poem, Night arrived, Elegy black black, Black banners, Black of the echo, Eternal black, Black wall of Spain, Airless black, Black concentrated, Black in black, Forever black, Invisible stab, Black lament, Black with no way out, Gypsy curse, Black undone by tears, Through black emerge purified, Poor Spain, colophon page, and back end leaf. Seven lithographs from 'El Negro' were published in separate editions. Please see the attached word document in the 'Multimedia' tab for the full 'El negro' poem.
Primary Insc: No inscriptions
Tertiary Insc: inscribed upper right, red pen "FLAT BOOK SHOW" [on tape on portfolio lid]
Dimensions: portfolio box 42.0 h x 100.2 w x 4.2 d cm
Cat Raisonné: Terenzio, S (1991), 268-291
Acknowledgement: Gift of Kenneth Tyler, 2002
Accession No: NGA 2002.1.1397.1-24
Image rights: © Dedalus Foundation, Inc./VAGA. Licensed by Viscopy