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United States of America 1915 – 1991

Black wall of Spain 1981-83
Collection Title: a complete set of unsigned proofs for 'El Negro'
Page: pages 29, 30 and 31
Place made: Bedford Village, Westchester county, New York state, United States of America
Creation Notes: Robert Motherwell began collaborating with Kenneth Tyler on 'El Negro' in 1981. The book was editioned in 1983.
Materials & Technique: prints, portfolios, planographic colour lithograph printed from three aluminium plates, tusche, crayon Support: white, wove, handmade, TGL paper
Manufacturer's Mark: no manufacturer's mark
Impression: unsigned proof
Edition: edition: 51 plus 10AP; TP; PPI; PPII; RTP; A; C; 3HC
Publisher: Tyler Graphics Ltd, Bedford Village, New York
Place Published: New York
Date Published: 1983

Edition Notes: paired with poem 'Oh black wall of Spain..' in frame Colour lithograph printed in three colours: black, ochre and red. This image is printed on a triple fold out page and is the eighth image in the portfolio. Robert Motherwell prepared the nineteen lithographic images in 'El Negro' on Mylar and acetate sheets using Paintstiks, grease pencils and alcohol tusche which he applied with brushes and a bamboo pen. The images were transferred to aluminium plates by Lee Funderburg. The plates were printed by Funderburg and Roger Campbell on a flat bed offset press. Papermaking by Steve Reeves and Tom Strianese. The 'El Negro' poem was written by Rafael Alberti (with translation by Vincente Lleo Canal) and offset printed, Spanish in black and English in grey. The introductory preface was written by Jack Flam. Sequence of prints: front end leaf, title page, Negro, preface, Mourning, poem, Night arrived, Elegy black black, Black banners, Black of the echo, Eternal black, Black wall of Spain, Airless black, Black concentrated, Black in black, Forever black, Invisible stab, Black lament, Black with no way out, Gypsy curse, Black undone by tears, Through black emerge purified, Poor Spain, colophon page, and back end leaf. This image is one of the seven images that were printed in separate editions (without text) of 98 plus 14AP numbered I-XIV.
Primary Insc: No inscriptions
Dimensions: comp 36.0 h x 91.6 w cm sheet 39.0 h x 95.6 w cm Frame 52.2 h x 149.4 w x 3.8 d cm
Cat Raisonné: Terenzio, S. (1980), 278; TGL print documentation, 1983.
Acknowledgement: Gift of Kenneth Tyler, 2002
Accession No: NGA 2002.1.1150.21