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United States of America 1915 – 1991

Title page 1983
Collection Title: a complete set of unsigned proofs for 'El Negro'
Page: page 3
Place made: Bedford Village, Westchester county, New York state, United States of America
Creation Notes: Robert Motherwell began collaborating with Kenneth Tyler on 'El Negro' in 1981. The book was editioned in 1983.
Materials & Technique: prints, portfolios, planographic lithographic text printed in black from one aluminium plate Support: white, wove, handmade, TGL paper
Manufacturer's Mark: no manufacturer's mark
Impression: unsigned proof
Edition: edition 51; 10AP; TP; 3SP; PPI; PPII; A; C; 3HC
Publisher: Tyler Graphics Ltd, Bedford Village, New York
Place Published: New York
Date Published: 1983

Edition Notes: paired with blank page in frame Title page - one colour printed: black. Robert Motherwell prepared the nineteen lithographic images in 'El Negro' on Mylar and acetate sheets using Paintstiks, grease pencils and alcohol tusche which he applied with brushes and a bamboo pen. The images were transferred to aluminium plates by Lee Funderburg. The plates were printed by Funderburg and Roger Campbell on a flat bed offset press. Papermaking by Steve Reeves and Tom Strianese. The 'El Negro' poem was written by Rafael Alberti (with translation by Vincente Lleo Canal) and offset printed, Spanish in black and English in grey. The introductory preface was written by Jack Flam. Sequence of prints: front end leaf, title page, Negro, preface, Mourning, poem, Night arrived, Elegy black black, Black banners, Black of the echo, Eternal black, Black wall of Spain, Airless black, Black concentrated, Black in black, Forever black, Invisible stab, Black lament, Black with no way out, Gypsy curse, Black undone by tears, Through black emerge purified, Poor Spain, colophon page, and back end leaf. Seven lithographs from 'El Negro' were published in separate editions.
Primary Insc: No inscriptions
Secondary Insc: title printed lithographically c., black ink "EL NEGRO / LITHOGRAPHS BY/ ROBERT MOTHERWELL/ POEM BY/ RAFAEL ALBERTI/ PUBLISHED BY/ TYLER GRAPHICS LTD/ [TGL logo]"
Dimensions: sheet 38.2 h x 37.9 w cm Frame 52.0 h x 90.4 w x 3.8 d cm
Cat Raisonné: Terenzio, S (1991), 269
Acknowledgement: Gift of Kenneth Tyler, 2002
Accession No: NGA 2002.1.1150.5