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United States of America 1915 – 1991

El Negro - Poem 1982-83
Collection Title: an 'El Negro' portfolio 1983
Page: page 72
Creation Notes: Robert Motherwell began collaborating with Kenneth Tyler on 'El Negro' in 1981. The book was editioned in 1983.
Materials & Technique: prints, portfolios, planographic lithographic text printed from two aluminium plates Support: white, wove, handmade, TGL paper
Manufacturer's Mark: no manufacturer's mark
Impression: unsigned proof
Edition: edition: 51 plus 10AP; TP; PPI; PPII; RTP; A; C; 3HC
Publisher: Tyler Graphics Ltd, Bedford Village, New York
Place Published: New York
Date Published: 1983

Edition Notes: paired with image 'Poor Spain' in frame Text printed in two colours: black and grey. Robert Motherwell prepared the nineteen lithographic images in 'El Negro' on Mylar and acetate sheets using Paintstiks, grease pencils and alcohol tusche which he applied with brushes and a bamboo pen. The images were transferred to aluminium plates by Lee Funderburg. The plates were printed by Funderburg and Roger Campbell on a flat bed offset press. Papermaking by Steve Reeves and Tom Strianese. The 'El Negro' poem was written by Rafael Alberti (with translation by Vincente Lleo Canal) and offset printed, Spanish in black and English in grey. The introductory preface was written by Jack Flam. Sequence of prints: front end leaf, title page, Negro, preface, Mourning, poem, Night arrived, Elegy black black, Black banners, Black of the echo, Eternal black, Black wall of Spain, Airless black, Black concentrated, Black in black, Forever black, Invisible stab, Black lament, Black with no way out, Gypsy curse, Black undone by tears, Through black emerge purified, Poor Spain, colophon page, and back end leaf. This image is one of seven images that were printed separately in editions (without text) of 98 plus 14 artist's proofs numbered I-XIV.
Primary Insc: No inscriptions
Tertiary Insc: page 72 verse of poem printed lithographically in black and grey ink "Por el motherwell negro Espana libre negro/ pobre Espana/ Through Motherwell black Spain free black/ Poor Spain"
Dimensions: sheet 38.2 h x 38.0 w cm Frame 52.2 h x 149.0 w x 3.8 d cm
Cat Raisonné: Terenzio, S. (1980), 288; TGL print documentation, 1983.
Acknowledgement: Gift of Kenneth Tyler, 2002
Accession No: NGA 2002.1.1150.42