, Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur (r.1751-1768) Enlarge 1 /1
Jaipur style Rajasthan, India, Jaipur
Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur (r.1751-1768) late 18th century Place made: Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Materials & Technique: paintings, miniatures, opaque watercolour, gold Support: paper
Primary Insc: Inscribed verso, c.c., black ink, in Nasta'liq script.
Tertiary Insc: Inscribed l.r., within image, black ink 'GA.P.106'; inscribed verso, u.c., blue ink 'No.23 / Jagat saith'; inscribed l.r., pencil, 'P.99 / 259'. Inscribed recto, on mount, l.c.-l.r., pencil 'This painting has been waxed / WAXED', and l.r., black ink 'G-A.P106'.
Dimensions: image 17.6 h x 12.2 w cm mount 28.6 h x 18.2 w cm
Acknowledgement: The Gayer-Anderson Gift 1954
Accession No: NGA 91.1364
Subject: Royalty Portrait: male
  • Acquired in Hyderabad, Telangana, India, by Colonel Thomas Gayer Gayer-Anderson, 1929
  • exported from India by Colonel Thomas Gayer Gayer-Anderson, 1930
  • held in the collection of Colonel Thomas Gayer Gayer-Anderson and Major Robert Grenville Gayer-Anderson, Pasha, both of The Little Hall, Lavenham, Suffolk, England, 1929-1953
  • who gave it to the Commonwealth of Australia, 1953
  • held by National Library of Australia, Canberra, after transfer from London, 1954-1991
  • transferred to the collection of the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra 1991.
  • The collecting history of this painting is partial. The earliest known transaction is its acquisition by the donor in India in 1929. The National Gallery of Australia welcomes further information regarding its history of ownership prior to 1929.

The Rajputs established powerful courts in northwest India in the 9th and 10th centuries. Weakened by internal feuding, however, most came under Mughal suzerainty from the 16th century. This image depicts Raja Madho Singh I, ruler of the Rajput state of Jaipur. In the Rajput courts, painters were employed to create images exalting their sovereigns. Here Madho Singh, who was famous for his great height and girth, carries a sword [talwar] indicating his valour and military strength.

Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra 2011
From: Asian gallery extended display label