, Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Jina; page from a manuscript of The Book of Ritual [Kalpa Sutra] Enlarge 1 /1
Sultanate period (13th–16th century) Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Jina
page from a manuscript of The Book of Ritual [Kalpa Sutra]
[Two Jinas] c. 1465
Collection Title: The Book of Ritual [Kalpasutra] manuscript
Place made: Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Materials & Technique: paintings, manuscripts, opaque watercolour, ink and gold on paper Support: paper
Dimensions: sheet 11.4 h x 29.2 w cm
Acknowledgement: Purchased 1993
Accession No: NGA 93.736

The top pages are from the Kalpa Sutra, which describes the lives of the Jinas. One scene shows a Jina plucking out his hair as he renounces earthly pleasures. The god Indra collects the hair in a golden bowl. Another page depicts Parshvanatha, identified by his halo of snake heads. The third sheet shows the monk Kalaka in conversation with Indra, disguised as a religious elder.

The pages retain the format of earlier palm-leaf manuscripts. The red circles indicate the holes through which Jain manuscripts were traditionally bound.

Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra 2011
From: Asian gallery extended display label