United States of America 1925 – 2008


Ringer - state 1974 Description: Ringer state edition from the 'Hoarfrost editions' series

Collection Title: the 'Hoarfrost editions' series, 1974
Place made: Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Creation Notes: Period of Collaboration: 1 December - 3 December 1974 Right to Print date: 2 December, 1974
Materials & Technique: prints, planographic, stencil, collage offset lithographic and screenprinted images transferred to a collage of fabric and paper bag Support: cheesecloth, China silk, silk, satin, paper bag
Impression: 10/15
Edition: edition of 15 plus 1 Change Inc. proof
Publisher: GEMINI G.E.L.
Place Published: Los Angeles
Date Published: 1974

Edition Notes: Offset printed image of mounds of pigment transferred to cheesecloth; offset and screened image of bull and offset printed shell transferred to satin, cheescloth, and China silk; satin, cheesecloth, China silk, and paper bag were glued with acrylic polymer matte medium; newspaper imagery transferred to layers of fabric including cheesecloth and China silk; comic imagery transferred to cheesecloth, satin, and China silk; newspaper imagery transferred to satin and cheesecloth at centre left and centre right. The two holes at the top right and top left were machine-stitched to accommodate nails for hanging. Collaboration and supervision by Ronald McPherson. Printing by Robert Bigelow assisted by Barbara Thomason.
Primary Insc: signed, upper left, black ink 'Rauschenberg' dated, upper left, black ink ' '74'
Secondary Insc: partially titled, upper left, black ink 'State' inscribed, upper left, black ink '10/15'
Tertiary Insc: RR 74-686A
Dimensions: sheet 177.8 h x 91.4 w cm
Acknowledgement: Purchased 1976
Accession No: NGA 76.1510
Image rights: © Robert Rauschenberg/VAGA. Licensed by Viscopy
  • The Hoarfrost editions series, created at Gemini GEL, is named after the thin layer of ice that forms on cold surfaces. The series was inspired by  Rauschenberg’s observation of printmakers using ‘large sheets of gauze ... to wipe stones and presses ... and hung about the room to dry’. By using transparent layerings of material, Rauschenberg allows the viewer to both look at and look through the work − to see both the positive space and the negative space, including the environment behind the work. Everyday objects, such as collaged paper bags, are in sophisticated contrast with the ghostly imprinted imagery and the folds and layers of the delicate fabric.

    Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra