, Ceremonial cloth and sacred heirloom [mawa or ma'a] Enlarge 1 /1
traded to Toraja people, Sulawesi, Indonesia Ceremonial cloth and sacred heirloom [mawa or ma'a] 17th century Place made: Gujarat, India
Materials & Technique: textiles, ceremonial objects, cotton, natural dyes, mordants; mordant block printing, batik
Dimensions: 107.0 h x 500.0 w cm
Acknowledgement: Purchased 1984
Accession No: NGA 84.3175

Textiles were India’s great contribution to the maritime commerce that connected it with Southeast Asia, China, Japan and Europe. Made in Gujarat, one of the most important textile centres of western India, this cloth was traded to the Toraja region of south-central Sulawesi, Indonesia around 400 years ago. There it was treasured as a sacred heirloom (ma’aor mawa) and brought out only on ceremonial occasions, particularly those relating to fertility and the agricultural cycle.

The design is purely western Indian. Female musicians are depicted in the same manner as medieval Gujarati manuscript paintings. The protruding far eye, a peculiarity of Jain miniatures, suggests that the imagery may have Jain origins. In procession, the women hold stringed instruments and parrots, with goose (hamsa) motifs appearing within their earrings.

Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra 2011
From: Asian gallery extended display label