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working by 1939

Old Jetty. 1946
Collection Title: Album of original art works assembled by R H Croll
Page: page 8.
Place made: Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Materials & Technique: albums, prints, ink; paper linocut, printed in colour inks, from mutliple blocks Support: white wove paper
Manufacturer's Mark: no manufacturer's mark.
Edition State: published state
Impression: undesignated impression
Edition: edition unknown

Primary Insc: Signed lower right below printed image in black pencil, 'Mary A. Harvey'. Titled lower left below printed image in black pencil, 'Old Jetty'.
Secondary Insc: no inscriptions.
Tertiary Insc: no inscriptions.
Dimensions: printed image 12.6 h x 10.5 w cm
Acknowledgement: Gift of Roger Butler 1996
Accession No: NGA 96.592.11
  • The album was assembled by Robert Henderson Croll (1869-1947), writer, biorgrapher, art historian. (see ADB, vol.8, pp154-5).
  • The Croll estate was sold by the book dealer Kenneth Hince (Melbourne) and Malvern Fine Art Gallery Melbourne.
  • The album was acquired by Roger Butler from Malvern Fine Art Gallery prior to 1981.
  • Gift to the National Gallery of Australia, from Roger Butler, Canberra, June 1996.

Fritz Glarner was born in Zurich, Switzerland, on 20 July 1899. He went to school in Italy, studying at the Regio Instituto di Belle Arti, Naples (1914-20). In 1923 he moved to Paris and attended classes at the Académie Colarossi. He became acquainted with Hans Arp, Sophie Taeuber, Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg and Georges Vantongerloo. He held his first solo exhibition at the Galerie d'Art Contemporain, Paris, in 1926. After a visit to the United States in 1930-31 he was invited by Katherine S. Dreier to participate in the 'International Exhibition of Abstract Art' at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo. In 1934 he exhibited with the Abstraction-Création group in Paris. In 1936 he emigrated to the United States and became a member of the American Abstract Artists. After the arrival of Piet Mondrian in New York in 1940 a close friendship developed between the two painters. Glarner exhibited regularly in New York during the 1950s, and in 1958 was commissioned to paint a mural for the Time and Life building, New York. Further mural commissions were forthcoming in the 1960s, notably for the Dag Hammarskjöld Library in the United Nations building in New York, and for the dining-room of Nelson Rockefeller's apartment. In 1968 Glarner represented Switzerland at the Venice Biennale (with Hans Aeschbacher) and in 1971 he was given a large exhibition at the San Francisco Museum of Art. He died in Locarno on 18 September 1972.

Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra